Description Marine Biology covers the basics of marine biology with a global approach, using examples from numerous regions and ecosystems worldwide. This introductory, one-semester text is designed for non-majors. Authors Castro and Huber have made a special effort to include solid basic science content needed in a general education course, including the fundamental principles of biology, the physical sciences, and the scientific method. This science coverage is integrated with a stimulating, up-to-date overview of marine biology.
We continue to receive positive feedback from instructors and reviewers on our "Eye on Science" boxes — these are brief vignettes of major research programs or individual research projects. The research highlighted in these boxes has been updated, and we’ve added two new boxes—one on a cat parasite that has become prevalent in marine mammals (Chapter 13) and a second on the effects of global warming on the Arctic peoples (Chapter 18).
Much of the data presented in the tenth edition has been updated to the latest information available at the time of writing, including—the frequency of shark attacks, the conservation status of threatened species, global temperatures, the extension of the Gulf of Mexico's hypoxic zones, the status of some invasive species, whaling, sea otter transplantations, fish catches, aquaculture production, and seafood demand and consumption around the world.
We added a large number of new photographs to all chapters and the Special Report: Our Changing Planet. We also revised or added new illustrations to practically all chapters and the Special Report, all expertly prepared by two professional illustrators with a strong reputation in the science field: Bill Ober and Claire Garrison. Also updated were the end-of-chapter references for all chapters and the Special Report.
Special Report: Our Changing Planet. This current and informative insert highlights several key aspects of global change including: climate change, ocean acidification, the cascade of reactive nitrogen into the global environment, and stratospheric ozone depletion. It also includes coverage of worldwide declines of fisheries stocks, including three new figures, and the global loss of habitats. The intent of the special report is to demonstrate the magnitude of the human footprint on Earth’s ecosystem processes.
Marine Biology features a global, non-regional perspective. That the world's oceans and seas function as a vast, integrated system is among the most important messages of this book. One aspect of this global approach is the deliberate inclusion of examples from many different regions and ecosystems, so as many students as possible will find something relevant to their local areas.
Table of Contents
Part One Principles of Marine Science
Chapter 1 The Science of Marine Biology
Chapter 2 The Sea Floor
Chapter 3 Chemical and Physical Features of Seawater and the World Ocean
Chapter 4 Fundamentals of Biology
Part Two The Organisms of the Sea
Chapter 5 The Microbial World
Chapter 6 Multicellular Primary Producers: Seaweeds and Plants
Chapter 7 Marine Animals Without a Backbone
Chapter 8 Marine Fishes
Chapter 9 Marine Reptiles, Birds, and Mammals
Part Three Structure and Function of Marine Ecosystems
Chapter 10 An Introduction to Marine Ecology
Chapter 11 Between the Tides
Chapter 12 Estuaries: Where Rivers Meet the Sea
Chapter 13 Life on the Continental Shelf
Chapter 14 Coral Reefs
Chapter 15 Life Near the Surface
Chapter 16 The Ocean Depths
Part Four Humans and the sea
Chapter 17 Resources from the Sea
Chapter 18 The Impact of Humans on the Marine Environment
Peter Castro, Ph.D., California State Polytechnic Univerity, Pomona Michael E. Huber, Ph.D., Sinclair Knight Merz